| by abhijeet | No comments

India had an extremely high number; 1.16 million new cancer cases in the year 2018 as reported by WHO. it estimates that one in 10 Indians may get cancer in their lifetime and one in 15 will die of this life-threatening disease.  Reports also said that the two most common cancers in Indian men are Lung Cancer & Prostate Cancer.

Here is brief information about these two common cancers and how they can be prevented through a cancer screening test.

Lung Cancer

We all know that smoking is the primary cause of this cancer, but it can also affect people who do not smoke. Smoking is definitely the trigger factor and lung cancer is one of the deadliest cancer of all cancers. Other than smoking, this cancer may occur due to pollution, tobacco and exposure to carcinogenic chemicals. COPD patients over the age of 60 years are more vulnerable to get affected by lung cancer. In India, 48 698 new cases of lung cancer were reported in the year 2018.

The main symptoms of lung cancer include:

  • Chronic cough
  • Coughing up blood or rust-coloured sputum
  • Chest pain
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Recurring bronchitis or pneumonia
  • Hoarseness

Prevention of lung cancer

Lung cancer cannot be prevented but risks can be reduced by adopting a few lifestyle changes.

  • Stop smoking
  • Avoid passive smoking
  • Avoid carcinogenic environment
  • Eat a healthy diet full of fruits & vegetables
  • Exercise regularly
  • Get screened yearly for early detection

Prostate Cancer

The prevalence of prostate cancer is rising in India in recent years. It is the most common cancer found in Indian men after lung cancer. Prostate cancer can be treated successfully if detected at an early stage. This cancer begins in the prostate gland tissues and may take several years to develop symptoms. Once it starts developing, it interferes with the urinary system functions. In India, 25,696 new cases of prostate cancer were reported in the year 2018.

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

  • Burning or pain urinating
  • Blood in urine
  • More frequent urination urges
  • Loss of bladder control
  • Blood in semen

Prevention of Prostate Cancer

  • Choose a low-fat diet
  • Add fruits and vegetables in the daily meal
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Exercise regularly
  • Get screened yearly for early detection

Importance of early screening:

Chances of cancer survival are 88% if detected at stage-1. In the case of prostate cancer, the stats are even more promising. Cancer is a condition that does not show any symptoms at the early stages and by the time symptoms develops, the patient already reaches stage 2 or 3 where successful treatment is difficult. Annual screening increases the chances of detecting cancer at stage-1 when there are high chances of successful treatment. In conclusion, to reduce the nation’s cancer burden, especially in men, again a twin fold strategy is needed. Firstly, we must focus on raising cancer awareness about the harmful effects of smoking & tobacco use, this must be encouraged now as a society, within family and friends and at workplaces too as the Government has already run campaigns on the same with varying amounts of success. Once every individual truly understands the repercussions of smoking & tobacco use, only then we can move towards the second step of educating ourselves further and adopting annual health screenings as a part of our lifestyle.