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What Is Cervical Cancer?

Cervical cancer occurs in the cervix cells. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus which connects to the vagina. Cervical cancer occurs mainly due to long-standing infections by certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV) which play a significant role in its causation. Most HPV infections don’t lead to cancer. But some types of genital HPV can cause cancer. HPV is a sexually transmitted infection that occurs due to unsafe sex practices especially in those who have multiple sexual partners. This virus can survive for years in someone’s body and contribute to the process of turning cervical cells into cancerous cells. However, usually, the body’s immune system prevents the virus to do any harm but that may not work for everyone. Practising safe sex, taking vaccinations against HPV and regular cancer screening tests can reduce the risk of developing cervical cancer.

Cervical Cancer Causes

DNA changes or mutation in the cervix cells is the first stage of cervical cancer. Healthy cells in our body usually grow & multiply at a defined rate and after a certain time, the cells die. But when a mutation occurs in the cells it makes them multiply at an exponential rate and does not let them die. Eventually, these cells start to accumulate and form a mass. These cancer cells can spread to nearby organs and tissues and become metastatic cancer.

Cervical Cancer Risk Factors

  • Unsafe sexual practice & having multiple sexual partners significantly increases our chances of getting infected by HPV which later develops into cervical cancer. Even having sex at an early age also increases the risk of getting HPV infection & cervical cancer.
  • Sexually transmitted infections such as chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis, and HIV/AIDS also increases the risk of getting HPV infection and eventually cervical cancer.
  • Smoking is significantly associated with squamous cell cervical cancer.
  • Miscarriage prevention drugs may increase the risk of developing certain types of cervical cancer. Such cervical cancers are called clear cell adenocarcinoma.
  • Having a weakened immune system caused by immunosuppression. Immunosuppression weakens the body’s ability to fight infections and other diseases.

Cervical cancer symptoms and signs:

The tricky thing about cervical cancer is that it does not show or produces any cervical cancer symptoms and signs in the early stages. Only when cancer reaches more advanced stages, it shows symptoms that include:

  • Vaginal bleeding after intercourse
  • Irregular vaginal bleeding before or after periods 
  • Irregular vaginal bleeding after menopause
  • Watery, bloody vaginal discharge with a foul odour
  • Pelvic pain or pain during intercourse

Why is cervical cancer screening important?

People aged over 25-26 years should go for regular cervical cancer screening. It helps to detect the condition at an early stage which in turn helps in a successful treatment. 

HMZ Laboratories, being a unique alliance between Hero Cycles, Millennium cancer centre & Zyagnum AG is highly committed to the cause of cancer elimination through early detection & screenings. They are most enthusiastic & a curious team of professionals who are not leaving any stones unturned in making new developments and discoveries in cancer research. One such recent advancement made by them is an innovative cancer diagnosis method which detects solid tumours using a ‘simple blood test’-PanTum detect. The test makes use of a unique EDIM (Epitope detection in macrophages) technology for accurate detection or diagnosis.

The EDIM technology is regarded as a ‘Biological Biopsy’ as it helps to examine the macrophages in the bloodstream itself. What makes the technique revolutionary is the quick & effective detection of solid tumours, even at stage 0 or carcinoma in situ. Connect with us to know more about this new cancer screening method that may help us to see the disease in a different light!